From CivWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dzarian is a conlang created by Ogel6000 that was used on the civ server CraftLang. Neither the grammar nor the lexicon were inspired or based off of any real world language; Dzarian instead being a part of a conworld unique from Earth. The two biggest goals of Dzarian are precision, and completeness. Dzarian is mostly SOV.

Note: The language can be reffered to as 'Dzarian', 'Dzarid', or 'Dsarid', all of which are correct.


Dzarian was originally created as a cipher of English, to allow its creator to write, or say crude things in public without anyone understanding. As people began catching on, it was made increasing more difficult to decipher. Eventually, it was decided that it would be built into a proper language, under the name 'Zarian'.

After an interest was taken in conworlding, Ogel6000 merged the language into his conworld. It wasn't until months after this when Ogel6000 realized the first letter of the language's name was not available as a phone or phoneme in the language. From then on, it was changed to 'Dzarian', the 'dz' being spelled using 'ds' in the language's alphabet, and pronounced as the /dz/ affricative. The language in its own name is 'Dsarid', literally translating to 'of Dzaris'.


/p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/

/v/, /s/

/m/, /n/

/l/, /r/, /h/

/a/, /æ/, /ɛ/, /i/, /ɪ/, /ʊ/, /ɔ/, /ə/, /ʌ/, /ɘ/, /ɶ/,

/ʌi/, /ɘi/, /eɪ/

The alphabet contains 17 letter:

a, e, i, o, u, b, p, t, d, k, v, s, h, m, n, l, r, and h.

The pronounciation of the consonants is self explanatory.

a: /ɶ/ (middle of word), /a/ (middle or end of word), /æ/ (end of word)

e: /ʌ/, /ɛ/, /ɜ/, /i/ (only in 1s pronoun)

i: /ɪ/, /ɘi/ (end of word) , /ɘ/, and /i/ (rarely)

o: /ʌ/, /ɔ/, /ɑ/

u: /ʊ/ /ɯ/

ah: /eɪ/

oh: /o/

oo: /o/

The following are sounds not available as single letters in the Dzarian alphabet, though can be created by combining multiple letters:

th (unvoiced): tv

th (voiced): td

g: kk

f: vh

sh: ss

ch: tss

j (voiced alveolar affricative): dd

dz (the affricative): ds

Another thing to note: nasals are never velar in Dzarian. if an 'n' is next to a 'k', the 'n' is still alveolar.

Basic Words

hi: sora

hey: ra

hello: edisora

bye: non

welcome: enito

thanks: kar (or edikar, more polite)

please: konnar

sorry: toredi

1s: e

1p: os

2s: oh

2p: or

3s: in (either gender, casual)

3s: ta (either gender, casual, though implies a romantic feeling between the speaker and the target)

3s: so (either gender, formal, can also represent inanimate objects)

3p: etr ('tr' pronounced as in 'train')

to be: ena

to have: revvid

to want: terva

to need (needs to happen, not needs to have): nalta

to be at the location of (at): kam

to go: enid

to cause something to happen: selra

to walk: krum

to speak: mespa

to kill: tileda

to injure: kudinla

to be like/to be as: tilok

person: skasa

this: tari

location: ebbet (hence: 'here' would be 'tari ebbet')

time: bettel (hence: 'now' would be 'tari bettel')

-> However, tari alone can mean 'here' or 'now', depending on context.

and: metu

if: nis

but: mahit

or: oo

with: siv

without: sivorb

things/stuff: setadda

noun declensions:

-in: pluralization

-id: possession

Verb declensions:

-ep: past tense

-it: future tense

-ah: negation -> (ena: to be; enah: not to be)

Note, all declensions come at the end of the word. If the word ends in a consonant, they are simply added on, if the word ends in a vowel, the vowel is removed (except to pronouns), and then the declension is added.

Word Order/Syntax

Dzarian is SOV, but requires an auxiliary verb in between the subject and object (thus following a pattern of noun - verb - noun - verb. This word order is very strict, and cannot be broken. Also, nothing can be put inside of these four words, with the exception of 'uk'; this is used to declare the existance of clauses, which are then placed at the end of sentences. Dzarian does not (yet) differentiate between transitive and non transitive verbs, which may lead to some confusion in a few situations (though it has not been an issue with regards to understanding)

e ena oh mespa:

1s to-be 2s to-speak

I am speaking to you

In the above sentence, the 'ena', (to be) is the auxiliary verb, and it states the nature of the verb 'mespa'.

E ena oh uk mespa nibbar:

1s to-be 2s clause-declare to-speak [clause here] good

I am speaking well to you

E ena uk skasa mespa selrep oh kudinla:

1s to-be clause-declare to-speak [clause] to-cause.past 2s to-have-pain

I am speaking to the man who injured you.

Ta terva oh uk mespa solp:

He/she wants to speak with you more (solp = more)

E lersep oh mespa:

lit: I received your speaking (You spoke to me); this is used to acknowledge that the action went through (as in; yes, I heard you)

E nalta tretin revvid:

I need to have diamonds


Subjunctive is created with the use of 'sorla', and used exactly the same way as it is in English. (However, sentences which would use 'in which' or 'of which' or something similar, are classed as subjunctive.

I think she likes me: E dertra sorla ta ena e ima.

I'm thinking about the time when you hurt me: E ena bettel dertra sorla oh enep e kudinla

If/else statements:

nis ___ brev ___

If I sleep with your girlfriend, you will kill me: Nis e ena ta tilek brev oh selra e tiled.

Note: both are in present tense. Both parts of conditions are written in the same tense.


Negation is done by adding -ah after a verb. (either verb, it doesn't matter which, though it's more common to add it to the auxiliary verb.)

Dzarian does not have words for 'yes' or 'no', you instead just use a verb, or its negative.

- Pena oh Antoine?

- Enah:

Are you Antoine?


- Pena oh e mespa?

- Mespa:

Are you speaking to me?


Inflection/declension rules:

-id (possession) can only be attached to pronouns

-in (pluralization) can be attached to anything except pronouns

To possess a non pronoun, use 'uk':

the house's room: uk tesa mokuhr the man's house: uk mokuhr skasa


uk, followed by the item being possessed, followed by the item doing the possessing.

Verbs can be negated, or have tense.

They can also have both.

If they have both, the negation comes first, and then the tense is added, leaving the full extent of the word

to be: ena

will be: enit

not to be: enah

will not be: enahit


Adjectives can be placed immediately after pronouns (this breaks the S-auxV-O-V word order, so the sentence would only allow these two words), and in this case, it is implied there is a 'to be' in between.

e mat: I am good

e empar: I am great

oh nibbar: you are happy

If the pronoun is possessive, it assumes the adjective is a noun being possessed (english: -ness)

eid nibbar: my happiness

Using 'ena' as a pronoun

The phrase 'it is' in English should translate to 'so' in Dzarian.

As in, "It's okay/It's fine" should translate to "so meta"

And this is grammatically correct, however a more common, casual translation is "ena meta". This is technically grammatically incorrect, though it's a figure of speech in Dzarian, and should be used in general conversation

Multiple 'uk' rule

'uk' can be used multiple times in the same sentence. If so, then the clauses afterwards appear in the same order which they appear.

Try this sentence:

The cat I said my sister brought home is dead: I will make the base sentence "Serriv lersep ralen temak" which translates to "The cat received my sister's bringing"

uk serriv uk lersep nelta uk temak kam staksa e mespep kam mokuhr

The first declared clause goes onto the cat. The cat is now dead, so the first clause is 'kam staksa', the best way of saying 'dead'

The second goes on the receiving. the sentence claims that 1s said that the receiving happened.

The third clause goes on the uk temak. We know that the help given was bringing the cat home, thus the temak's description is 'kam mokuhr'.

Note, you can attach multiple clauses to a single word.

For example:

uk uk tesinal venikam sitolik

the 'tesinal' is the main noun here.

It receives two descriptions: 'venikam' = evil; 'sitolik' = public

public, evil, door. (public nether portal)


'Amsel' means 'for', as in "amsel oh" = "for you". It also has various miscellaneous uses.

I'll be there for 9 minutes: e ena ebbet uk kam amsel tralik


I'll be there in 9 minutes: e ena ebbet uk kam tralik


I am too tired for this:

e uk enlat ebeln amsel


Applying an ending to the auxiliary verb indicates imperfect (past or future), applying it to the acting verb indicates pluperfect, applying it to both indicates perfect. Note, in Dzarian, use of the perfect tense is uncommon, mostly only pluperfect and imperfect are used.

E enep etr mespa: I was speaking to them

E ena etr mespep: I have spoken to them

E enep etr mespep: I spoke to them

E enep etr mespit: I was going to speak to them

E enit etr mespep: I would speak to them (notice, this is one way to indicate conditional)


could: mer

should: dervam

might: delid

thought of/considered: telisha (pronounced telissa, but aspirated)

would: telak

Conditional verbs are implemented into sentences as auxiliary verbs.

E mer: I could/I can

E mer tari tidira: I could/can come here

E mer oh mespa: I could be speaking to you

E merep oh mespa: I could have been speaking to you

E mer oh mespep: I could have spoken to you


Questions are created by inverting the subject and aux verb, and replacing the aux verb with a question word.

how: oma

why: isp

what: kor

how many: nebarak

Are ___ : pena

Do ___: pena

Can ___: mer

Should: dervam

Notice the lack of 'when' and 'where'. These are implied when talking about locations or times.

Oma oh: How are you?

Kor oh ebbet kam?: What place are you at (Where are you?)

Kor oh bettel tidira?: What time are you arriving? (ie When are you arriving)

Kor oh ebbet enid?: What place are you going?  (ie Where are you going)

Kor oh ebbet tidirep?: What place were you coming from? (Where did you come from?)

Kor oh ebbet tidirit?: What place are you going to come to? (Where will you go?)

Pena in oh kudinla?: Is he hurting you?

Oma in oh kudinlep?: How did he hurt you?

Kor setadda oh kudinlep?: What hurt you? (lit: What object hurt you?)

Kor in oh uk kudinlep ebbet?: Where did he hurt you? (lit: What place did he hurt you?)

Nebarak tretin oh revvid?: How many diamonds do you have (diamond = treta)


Imperatives are merely statements in future tense. They still require the four base words, and can include clauses as well. You may, however, use just the basic verb in future tense.

Oh enay ta tilekit: You will not sleep with her (Don't sleep with her.)

Oh ena e tiledit: You will kill me (Kill me.)

torranit!: Stop!

talrahit: Dont take [anything]. (notice the double verb declensions)


Dzarian is a base 10 counting system, like most of Earth.

0: ok

1: mu

2: ak

3: ni

4: or

5: do

6: er

7: su

8: an

9: ti

10: di

11: dimu

12: diak

20: akdi

21: akdimu

30: nidi

100: dort

101: dortmu

256: akdortdodier

1000: skort

10,000: mentar

100,000: drenahto

1m: etsolina

10m: korinmar

100m: ramak

1000m: ramalak

10b: tarala

100b: taralan

1000b: taralana

10t: ditaralana

beyond 10 trillion, you merely start adding 10, then 100, then 1000, and so on, in front of the number. (This happens infrequently in English too: "There could be a billion billion stars in our galaxy alone")

1/2: uk ak mu (literally: of two, one)

1/3: uk ni mu

2/5: uk do ak

.1: daltmu

.2: daltak

.01: daltokmu

.001: daltokokmu OR daltakokmu (lit: point two-zeroes, one)

first: muid

second: akid

Notice, if the number ends in a vowel, leave the vowel when adding the ending.

-1: trepmu (lit: less one)

-54: trepdodior

-1.65: trepmudalterdido


Adjectives and adverbs are identical. They can only be implemented to sentences as clauses (with 'uk', as described above). However, adjectives can also double as verbs, or nouns, depending on location in a sentence.

good: mat (response to 'Oma oh?')

okay/decent: mek

satisfactory, good enough: meta

great: empar

excellent: enissar

slightly below good: mepa

bad: meparo

horrible: onstin

happy: nibbar

sad: trinan

tired: enlat

excited: sanalo

scared: belta

bored: tavori

angry: hosa

nice: kensa

smart: tenlid

annoying: sokul

funny: somla

stupid: tedla

depressing: karinl

lazy: talintra

embarassing: salkinra

lonliness: salkup

lonliness/upset/anger: tanalim

attractive (a person): seriosa

short: benad

medium height: vema

tall: nedita

skinny: vana

medium weight: kalat

overweight: atrel

small: muk/menl (both are identical)

medium size: nemar

large: bulra

red: urta

orange: barva

yellow: must

green: runk

blue: inar

purple: keran

light (colour): vasa

dark (colour): elsinad

peaceful/tranquil: tesin

cold: seladan

medium temperature: toresa

hot: telvidala

again: derlos

correct/true: vita

incorrect/false: tinl

so/very: skal

barely: telnar

barely enough: lodura

enough: pudor

abundance of: lokra

still: doltro

above: kesid

below: senl

first: muid

last: dolana

next: teska

previous: tuhar

easy: trolad

medium difficulty: melnean

hard: sulman

only: nadsa

yet: patolin

ever: skesa

exact: oltus

before: tilmar

after: tralton

despite/ even though: kila

as well (too): ebeln

too much: anerlo

usual: emlon

dark (lack of light): sonrik

medium amount of light: vanars

bright: silkan

free/public/open: sitolik

good: stalap

evil: venikam temporary: menilt

permanent: starak

My girl/boyfriend is hot: ta seriosa

The sky is purple: harel keran

I am happy here: E ena tari nibbar

I am eating a fat chicken: E ena uk bevare rohn atrel

You are talking happily: Oh ena nibbar mespa

You are talking to me happily: Oh ena nibbar uk mespa kam e. OR Oh ena e uk mespa nibbar (in the former, note the use of 'kam' to mean 'to'.)


Verbs are negated by replacing the final 'a' with 'ah' (pronounced as diphthong /eɪ/), if verb ends in consonant, replace the last vowel sound in the word with /eɪ/. Irregulars are specified.

to be: ena

to have: revvid / revvadi

to want: terva

to need: nalta

to use: dosel

to be like/to be as: tilok / tilaki

run: sun

jump: ebim / ebami

swim: ralan

walk: krum / krami

fly: lav

talk: mespa

move: terba

play (game): remar

play (music sport etc…): remina

eat: rohn / rohnah

watch: deban

see: taka

look (for): kehren / kehrani

look (see): taka

find: vorat

lose: tarov / taravi

drop: marak

go: enid / enad

stop: torran

give: nedar

stay: mistah

buy: addranor /addrahnor

like: ima

want: terva

to have to: malta listen/hear: merrias / merrahs to know: destra pay: ellisa

to have the opinion that (to think): dertra

think: tedrios / tedrahs

wake up: evoba

make (something to happen): selra

make (create): ardo / ardu

win: mald / malahd

lose: sert / seraht

to swear: kilnet

live: mulra

happen: selor / selari

read: sedrit / sedrati

receive: lersa

hope: mardo

write: lunda

erase: belundra

arrive: peba

leave: nalsta

buy: terin / terani

sell: nilra

ask: unsin / ursani

explode: pada

open: relinra

close: mada

inhabit(live at) setira

answer/respond: hadal

to have pain: kudinla

to exist: tridel

believe: inva

to take for granted: torvim

to be impressed: velant

to kill: tileda

to help: temak

to dream/sleep: dalinstra

to fight/go to war: davul

to love: andral

to commit genocide: andrilenra

to use sarcasm: salikrah / salikrahna

to go to sleep: teristra

to wake up: antaltra

kidnap: talakra

to steal what is rightfully yours: aliktra

to steal: taldra (softer word)

to steal: amitra (heavier word)

to copy documents: tenartra

to do work: mavinra

to do one's job: alhanra

to come / arrive: tidira

to leave: tilianrato restrain/hold back: viledrah / vilehdrahna

to wash: nadilra

to be jealous of: hasinrah / hasinrahna

to sleep: selarkra

to kiss: sranikra

to obsess over: tarivra

to have sex: tilek

to bite (the neck of another person): soltikra

to write: daltra

to try: anod

to lead: trarova

to wait: mepalra

to duplicate (or breed): tanara


These are words that can only be used as nouns. Note, nouns can have a possessive pronoun attached, and still qualify as a single element in the basic sentence order. When listing multiple items, pluralization is done with '-in', however is you specify an amount (via a clause at the end of the word), pluralization is not used. On the other hand, some words (trin = eyes) represent multiple objects. If you wish to specify one of the object, you must declare 'uk trin mu'.


E ena ohid tretin taldra: I am stealing your diamonds.

civilization: sadrilad

consciousness: taltrin

branch/wing: skerahl

school: trival

pecnil: dunnar

pen: sila

book: mentar

male person: navil

female person: ralen

undefined person: skasa

sibling: nelta

parent: tralikk (note the double k, which is pronounced as /g/.)

son/daughter: telarn

aunt/uncle (by blood): kivri

aunt/uncle (by marriage): terba

spouse: atrilik (note, atrilik is also the word for ocean freighter)

grandparent: taralikk

grandchild: talorn

guard/police/soldier: vetaka

merchant: rakesa

carpenter: telsid

Body parts:

head: leti

face: nilik

hair: tarv

ears: karis

eyes: trin

nose: delit

mouth: eltin

chin: tiri

forehead: aldun

teeth: srinl

tongue: tarad

throat: mant

neck: alisk

body: dava

shoulders: mita

front (chest): kseliv

breasts: treliv

somach: veris

arm: denal

hand: tersk

fingers: murl

waist: sepa

legs: patav

feet: vebar

toes: tilisa

genitals: terilis (vaskar, more informal)

freckles: tarsk

bone: taver


pig: arsida

chicken: bevare

cow: nusp

bird: trelara

fish: ansi

dog: mepsa

cat: serriv

wild cat: butraserriv

wild dog: butramepsa

sheep: telip

human being: lata

spider: takrak

horse: etranor


mokuhr: house (the word alone implies that it is the house of the speaker. Specify otherwise if it is not)

edimokuhr: mansion or other large house

emistkur: country or farmhouse

mok: shack

karpenmokuhr: government or administrative building or corporate headquarters

mekurmok: guildhouse, or other artisanal building, such as an art gallery, or museum, or library.

kesila: store

vhelnid: skyscraper

edikesila: large mall

ebrimkesila: outdoor mall/village

protarmokuhr: smithy/blacksmith house (literally: metalhouse)

stables: etramokuhr

level (as in a building): elitar

door: esinar

window: telba

wall: erta

floor: tellan

ceiling: serias

roof: vanti

stairs: kesa

room: tesa

chair: larb

couch: edilarb

ottoman: setri

coffee table: ebil

shelf: dersi

carpet: lerran

table: nadra

bed: mesio

wardrobe: asiona

bedroom: mesiotesa

kitchen: sourrintesa (sourrin: water)

atrium: esinartesa

counter: sourrinnadra

basement: sekota

Places (natural)

ebrim: small village

kodure: larger village

masta: town

hirs: city

atro: harbour

mortro: forest (temperate)

espoor: desert

netar: swamp

ektobrin: badlands/wastelands

lonnun: hills

patur: mountains

detrios: ocean

patar: sea

trios: lake, pond

inkor: cove, inlet, or river

dorp: cape, peninsula

edbar: grassland

mensar: landmass (island or continent)

brink: fort

darbrink: fortress

marous: stronghold

hedross: river (fast moving)

ross: creak

istiar: coastline, shore

mekrum: valley

katrum: jungle

kern: land, solid ground, territory

emistkern: farmland


air: sodris

water: sourrin

earth: tellan

dirt: abersa

rock: evorrim

grass: abersalerram

plant: abeda

fire: sokari

sand: ebasas

wood: norrid

glass: ediebasas

metal: protar

iron: rebed

titanium: edorta

copper: terius

zinc: redius

lead: baram

brass: terred

bronze: terlad

alloy: protarprotar

gold: sevretna

silver: kesarn

plastic: berkul

rubber: drettil


food: munda

bread: uskan

sandwich: uskanmar

loaf (of bread): treva

wheat: klevar

meat: susar

pig (meat): teskl

fish (meat): ansi

beef: nusp

chicken: bevar

fruit: sellara

apple: emara

orange: mekuta

grape: nebar

berry: inkasa

blueberry: inarinkasa

strawberry: berdoinkasa

blackberry: dortinkasa

melon: sutar

pumpkin: barvasutar

watermelon: sourrinsutar

beer: metasor

wine: undel

juice: skran

potato: tinkar

carrot: dinok

sugar: satomik

mushroom: itorik

disease/sickness: velit

magic: teldra

death (noun): staksa

Street/path: dubar

motor vehicle: edif

small sail boat: matar

large pleasurecraft: rusan

navy ship (destroyer): inarsanra

large cargo ship:atrilik

battleship: thallok

passenger liner: otrelik

See a translation of the periodic table of elements into Dzarian here

coal: saltar (lit: carbon)

friend: endo

enemy: ikaman

kingdom (monarchy): hedla

empire (implied authoritarianism): pilad

nation/republic/territory (non hereditary leadership): vodri

nighttime: tawn morning: mok

afternoon: lost

evening: mutta

early morning: evendrin

question/problem/crisis: vitella

answer/response: hadel

stuff/things: setadda

light source: tenoris

greater being (ghost, angel, god, devil, demon, Nicolas Cage, etc...): tera

death: staksa infiniti: tarak

universe: so (same word is also a common pronoun)

energy: tolar

Professions (note: The following can be used either as nouns, or as verbs meaning 'to be employed as said word')

Farmer: kolusik

fisherman: teldrakkal

miner: molvinar

logger: plekik

self employed merchant: sekilik

store merchant: moralk

grocer: telhad

baker: ladim

butcher: elakra

herbalist: ekratil

doctor (medical care): elisikil

pharmacist (drug/medicine trader): toredad

carpenter: telsid

blacksmith/tinkerer/engineer: taralan  tailor: elanat

stonemason: talad

writer: torilin

office worker (any office job): kiselin

king: soral

president (/ prime minister/magistrate (non hereditary)): saroka

advisor/senator/cabinet: teldra

ambassador: kotarad

parliament member: talidar

Server specific nouns

language: kistelpa

use of language (vocabulary, grammar, etc...): kitelda

toki pona: uk kistelpa menl

esperanto: sparanit

Tokianto: uk sparan menl

Lizza: lidsa

creeper: uk skasa runk

zombie: uk skasa staksa

skeleton: uk skasa taver

spider: takrak

cave spider: uk takrak menl (or uk takrak inar)

Telling the Time

The word 'time' in Dzarian is 'kut', this word is a noun, and can be implemented to sentences as such.

Oma kut?: How is the time? / What time is it?

Kor kut?: What is the time?

Kor oh kut tidira?: What time are you arriving?

day: torhit

night: relas

dusk: amit

dawn: akliv

day (as in a full rotation of the Earth): talad

year: tilrad

Earlier/ago: trepkut

later/in the future: solpkut

I went there earlier: E ena ebbet uk enid trepkut

90min: derak

9mins: tralik

54sec: tarik

(note: there are 16 of 'derak' in an Earth day)

I'll be there in an hour: e ena ebbet uk kam er tralik

I'll be there in 45 mins: e ena ebbet uk kam daltdo derak


weather: Kaloris

Sunny: trena

rainy: selin

cloudy: hosin

lightning: menl

thunder: tiven

hail: ebra

snow: kelt

wind: bred

storm: telderis

blizzard: edikelt

drought: mesil

flood: vebin

How is the weather?: Oma kaloris?

It is sunny: Ena trena

It rained today: Uk enep trena tarikut


to go: enid

to stop: torran

to turn: sel:

to turn right: melvar

to turn left: bos

(right and left can be used as either nouns or verbs)

north: nodro

east: esla

south: sordin

west: olma

slow: ven

medium speed: sehot

fast: melian

Turn right: Melvarit; Oh selrit kam melvar; Oh selit kam melvar

Go north: Nodrit; Oh enid kam nodrit


I can see you: E mer oh taka

I want to see you: E terva oh taka

You are like a fish: Oh ena ansi tilok / Oh tilok ansi ena (both are identical in meaning)

You eat like a dog: Oh tilok mepsa rohn

Your house: Ohid mokuhr / uk mokuhr oh (the latter being more formal)

away from: sivorb (lit: without)

therefore: You are leaving me: Oh ena e nalsta / Oh ena sivorb nalsta

The cat my sister brought home:

Serriv lersep nelta uk temak kam mokuhr (temak means to help, but by specifying a location, it means to bring back/save)

However, the sentence can also be translated: Uk serriv nelta ena mokuhr taldrep

The man you think I love is in Madna:

Uk skasa ena Madna kam oh dertra sorla e ima.

Pronunciation Help

Hey: /rʌ/

Hi: /sʊra/

Hello: /ədɪːsʌra/

thank you: /kær/

Sorry: /tʌrədi/

Please: /kʌnar/

1s: /iː/

1p: /ɔs/

2s: /ɔː/

2p: /ɔr/

3s: /ɪ̆n/

3s: /sɔ̆/

3s: /taː/

3p: /ɛ.tr/

to be: /ʌːnə/

to have: /rəʋɪd/

to need: /næltæ/

to want: /tərva/

to go: /ʌːnɪd/

Some words in Dzarian have anomalous sounds/letter combinations which only appear in a few words in the entire language, or otherwise are not recognized as official sounds in the language. Sone anomalous are:

to have: /rəʋɪd/ ( /ʋ/ is the anomaly)

water: /sorɪn/ ( /o/ is the anomaly)

small: /mɛnl/ (/nl/ is the anomaly)

to be loyal: /sɪgəlɘk/ ( /g/ is the anomaly)

The most common verb ending is /ræ/. Some verbs with this ending include:

to obsess over: /tɶrɘvræ/

to restrain or hold back: /vɘlʌːdræ/

to dream: /dalɪnstræ/

Notice how vowels in the middle of words tend to become slightly more centralized, whereas vowels at the end of the word do not.